Methoni and Koroni are castles both built by the Venetians in the 13th century and located in the southeast of the Peloponnese. They can be reached by car from Kalamata, which is also reachable by airplane or highway. The castle of Methoni is among the largest in the Mediterranean and its lion of St. Marc dominating the gate of the castle is a celebrated symbol of Venice. At the south edge of the castle, you will discover a floating islet, Bourtzi, which used to be a prison during Turkish Occupation. The castle of Koroni is a fine example of Venetian fortress architecture and encompasses houses and churches. It offers breathtaking views to the sea and inside it you will discover churches, arches and its unique octagon tower. Pylos is a city near Methoni and Koroni, known for two major sea battles, that of Pylos (425 BC) during the Peloponnesian War, and that of Navarino (1827), a monumental battle of a European fleet beating the Ottomans, who had a larger fleet. Pylos is built on the Messene peninsula and is protected from the Sfaktiria island, which lays along the port’s entrance. The Republic of Venice called the city Navarino. In 1499 the city was conquered by the Ottomans who kept it until 1821 and called her Anavarin. Other names for this enchanting sea city: Avarmus, Abarinus, Albarinos, Albaxinus, Avarinos, Coryphasium, Iverin, Nelea, Port de Jonc, Porto Giunco e Zunchio. Some luxurious resorts have recently been built in the area, making it a wonderful destination, not yet fully discovered by tourists.